|Depending on your source water, and the types of fish you wish to have, you
may need special water conditioners, pH adjusters, or additives to obtain
proper water conditions. To achieve these desired results, adjustments may
need to be made in several areas that sometimes go overlooked.
Dechlorinators are necessary for ridding water of chlorine, heavy metals
and other harmful chemicals from tap water. Whenever tap water is used for
your aquarium, it should be conditioned to avoid potential problems.
Ammonia and Chloramine removers help detoxify ammonia, which, if levels
spike, can be potentially fatal. It also neutralizes chloramines found in
some water sources; this may not appear in all water due to its deletion by
some municipalities. They should be used whenever water is changed; used in
heavily stocked aquariums; or when introducing new fish.
Bacterial additives are ideal when cycling new aquariums or when
conditioning or supplementing existing biological filtration. If medication
is introduced to the water to treat a fish, these additives should be used
to replenish bacterial populations.
Trace elements are important minerals that are used up by plants and fish,
or are removed through filtration. When reintroduced, they help increase
vitality, fish fertility, color, and plant growth. These elements should be
added during water changes.
pH conditioners help raise or lower pH levels, depending on what is
appropriate for your specific fish. An unsuitable water condition that is
too acidic or too alkaline can be detrimental to the overall long-term
health of fish. They should be used gradually after testing to slowly
adjust the pH, if it is even necessary at all.
Aquarium additives are a convenient way to achieve proper water parameters
in new and established aquariums. However, these helpful products are not a
replacement for proper attention and regular maintenance.